Basic school final examinations are state tests that grade 9 students take when completing basic school. To complete basic school, the student must take exams in Estonian, mathematics and an elective subject. Tasks and questions are the same for all schools and exams take place at the same time in all schools.
The purpose of the basic school final examinations is to evaluate the knowledge and competencies acquired by the pupil in basic school and thus provide the pupil, parents, the school, the manager of the school and the state with as objective and comparable feedback as possible on the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Also, to decide on the completion of the basic school by the pupil.
The tasks and questions of the final examinations of basic school are prepared by Innove and examination papers are evaluated by the final examinations committees of schools (except for Estonian as a second language), which are confirmed by the Minister of Education and Research.
In some cases, it is possible to complete basic school via taking school examinations instead of state final examinations. School examinations are for:
- Pupils, who study under the basic school simplified curriculum;
- Pupils, who fall ill or can not participate in state final examinations for other sound reasons (for example, taking part in international competitions);
- Pupils, who complete state final examinations for grades “weak” or “absent”.