Career education involves theoretical knowledge and practical training for competences necessary in developing one’s career.
These competencies are awareness of yourself – your abilities and opportunities, knowledge of possible occupations and educational paths, understanding the world of work and attutudes that contribute to entering the contemporary world of work, making informed career decisions independently and readiness for lifelong learning.
The main topics of career study are:
- Self-awareness and its importance in career development;
- Knowledge of opportunities and their importance in career development;
- Planning and decision making;
- Action, implementation of the plan.
Innove has developed a career development competence model that describes the relevant areas of competence, competencies, attitudes and learning outcomes illustrating their development. This model allows both individuals and career professionals or other involved parties to monitor the development of the competencies necessary for career development, and thus deliberately and purposefully engage in their development.
In general education, career study is found in several parts of national curricula. Firstly, the subject of career study can be found from both the national curriculum for basic school and
the national curriculum for upper secondary schools. Secondly, the recurrent topic “Lifelong Learning and Career Planning” is also found in both. Career study as a subject does not substitute for the recurrent topic.
In vocational education, one purpose of organizing vocational education is to create opportunities for the development of a person with knowledge, skills, and attitudes, i.e., competencies, willingness to work and participate in social life and lifelong learning. To achieve this goal, schools must ensure that the student has access to career services.